Casein protein: An extremely slow digesting protein have demonstrated steady release of amino acids for an incredible 7 hours. While whey protein may increase protein synthesis to a very high degree, micellar casein is much more important in preventing muscle breakdown especially when taken before bed.
Glutamine: 61% of your skeletal muscle is glutamine! Glutamine is majorly depleted during intense training sessions decreasing body’s immunity. Supplemental glutamine prevents your muscle from being eaten up (catabolized) to provide glutamine to other cells of the body.
Anti-oxidants (Vitamins and Minerals): The post workout stress is highly catabolic. The free radicals released during the workout are highly unstable ions eating away the muscle tissue. Stabilizing them is the top priority to kick-start the anabolic process. Anti-oxidant nutrients like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Zinc, Phytochemicals etc stabilize the free radicals and keep check on their catabolic effects, especially post-workout.
BCAAs: Branched chain aminos are excellent anti-catabolics. No matter what, in the process of energy production during workouts, these are definitely used. Providing specifically BCAAs ensures the body doesn’t take them from the existing muscle tissue, hence preventing muscle loss.